Code Switch
3:08 pm
Sun May 26, 2013

'Part Of The Community': Latinos Rebuild After Okla. Tornado

Originally published on Sun May 26, 2013 7:29 pm

Pastor Chano Najera calls out T-shirt sizes in Spanglish to volunteers waiting for their uniforms.

It's easy to spot Najera in this crowd — just look for the cowboy hat. He preaches in Spanish at Templo De Alabanza in Oklahoma City. On this morning, though, he's wrangling a group of young Latino volunteers as they wheel cases of water bottles onto trucks headed for Moore, Okla., where an EF-5 tornado ripped through neighborhoods last week, but spared Najera's home.

Najera was born in Mexico and has lived in Oklahoma for more than three decades — long enough to know which tornado tips are especially worth preaching: "Go buy a safe box!" he says. "Keep the most important papers and documents and whatever they have in the safe box."

Then, he says, find a space under the floor board of your home and "bury it."

Protecting birth certificates, passports and other personal documents is especially important for immigrants, who make up a large portion of the Latino community in the Oklahoma City metro area, including Moore. Najera also tries to encourage community involvement among Latinos who may feel they don't belong.

"What we try to tell them is: 'No, no, no. You need to be part of it. Don't exclude yourself from the process. We are part of the community,' " he says.

Once the dozens of volunteers from Najera's disaster relief team arrived in Moore, one group set to work raking storm debris from a frontyard.

Overcoming 'The Mentality Of Fear'

Eli Sanchez and his family of four live in this neighborhood. The foundation for their brick home moved during the storm, leaving cracked walls inside. The tornado was even less forgiving to his parents, whose home in Moore was leveled.

Sanchez says the one thing his father — an immigrant from Guatemala — hoped to recover was his American citizenship certificate.

"He was proud of that, because he framed it and he put it on the bookshelf for everybody to see," Sanchez says.

Sanchez's wife, Maria, says she understood her father-in-law's wish, because she just became a U.S. citizen herself.

"I came here illegally, but I was [2 years old]," she says.

Maria Sanchez was born in Mexico, and she says she hasn't forgotten the barriers facing undocumented immigrants.

"The first thing is the mentality — the mentality of fear," she says. "You know, I'm scared to go ask for help."

Seeking Help

It's an all-too-familiar kind of anxiety for people like Amelia, an undocumented immigrant from central Mexico. NPR isn't using her last name.

"It's stressful," Amelia says in Spanish.

Amelia cleans offices to support her and her 8-year-old daughter. They lived in a trailer home in Moore that was in the path of last week's tornado. When the storm came through town, Amelia rushed to pick her daughter up from Plaza Towers Elementary School. They then took cover under a bridge. Amelia says it's a miracle they survived, but they still lost nearly everything.

"I was desperate," Amelia says, "But also afraid to ask for help."

But she knew she had no choice but to take the risk. It took her three days to build up her courage. Then she got in her car, talked to church volunteers and went to a public health clinic for counseling. She even approached an official and asked how the government could help rebuild her life. She says she can't imagine having done any of this before the tornado.

But now Amelia says: "I no longer feel alone. And I no longer feel afraid of anyone."

This story was produced for broadcast by Marisa Penaloza.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

HANSI LO WANG, BYLINE: And I'm Hansi Lo Wang in Central Oklahoma, the heart of tornado alley, home to one of the fastest growing Latino populations in the country. Producer Marisa Penaloza and I spent some time these past few days looking at how this community has been coping since the storm.

CHANO NAJERA: OK, (unintelligible).

WANG: Pastor Chano Najera calls out T-shirt sizes in Spanglish to volunteers waiting for their uniforms. It's easy to spot Najera in this crowd. Just look for the cowboy hat.

NAJERA: I'm a John Wayne and Ronald Reagan fan - Gene Autry, Garth Brooks and all those cowboys.

WANG: He preaches in Spanish at Templo de Alabanza in Oklahoma City. On this morning, though, he's wrangling a group of young Latino volunteers. As they wheel cases of water bottles onto trucks headed for Moore, Oklahoma, where an EF-5 tornado ripped through neighborhoods last week, but spared Pastor Najera's home. He was born in Mexico and has lived in Oklahoma for more than three decades, long enough to know which tornado tips are especially worth preaching, like...

NAJERA: Go buy a safe box. Keep the most important papers and documents and whatever they have in the safe box.

WANG: Then, he says, find a space under the floorboard of your home and...

NAJERA: Dig into the ground. You know, bury it.

Protecting birth certificates and passports and other personal documents is especially important for immigrants. Besides tornado tips, Najera tries to encourage community involvement amongst Latinos who may feel like they don't belong.

What we try to tell them is, no, no, no. You need to be part of it. Don't exclude yourself from the process. We are part of the community.

WANG: Dozens of volunteers from Chano Najera's disaster relief team arrived in Moore. One group set to work raking storm debris from a front yard.

Eli Sanchez and his family of four live in this neighborhood. The foundation for their brick home moved during the storm and left cracked walls inside. The tornado was even less forgiving to Sanchez's parents, whose home in Moore was leveled by the storm. Sanchez says the one thing his father - an immigrant from Guatemala - hoped to recover was his American citizenship certificate.

ELI SANCHEZ: He was proud of that because he framed it and he put it on the bookshelf for everybody to see.

WANG: Eli Sanchez's wife, Maria, says she understood her father-in-law's wish because she just became a U.S. citizen herself.

MARIA SANCHEZ: I came here illegally, but I was 2. You know, I was 2 years old.

WANG: Maria Sanchez was born in Mexico, and she says she hasn't forgotten the barriers facing undocumented immigrants.

SANCHEZ: The first thing is the mentality, the mentality of fear. You know, I'm scared to go ask for help.

WANG: It's an all-too-familiar kind of anxiety for undocumented immigrants like this woman, Amelia.

AMELIA: (Foreign language spoken)

WANG: We're not using Amelia's last name because she's an undocumented immigrant from central Mexico. She cleans offices to support her and her 8-year-old daughter. They lived in a trailer home in Moore that was in the path of last week's tornado. When the storm came through town, Amelia rushed to pick her daughter up from Plaza Towers Elementary School, and they took cover under a bridge. Amelia says it's a miracle that she and her daughter survived. But they still lost nearly everything.

AMELIA: (Foreign language spoken)

WANG: I was desperate, Amelia says, but also afraid to ask for help. But she knew she had no choice but to take the risk. It took her three days to build up her courage. And she got in her car, talked to church volunteers and went to a public health clinic for counseling. She even approached an official and asked how the government could help rebuild her life. She said she can't imagine having done any of this before the tornado.

AMELIA: (Foreign language spoken)

WANG: But now, Amelia says, I no longer feel alone, and I no longer feel afraid of anyone. Hansi Lo Wang, NPR News, Oklahoma City. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.