All Things Considered on IPR News and Studio One http://iowapublicradio.org en Training For An Uncertain Military Future In The Calif. Desert http://iowapublicradio.org/post/training-uncertain-military-future-calif-desert In the middle of the Mojave Desert, between Los Angeles and Las Vegas, there is a place that looks just like Afghanistan.<p>There are villages with houses, shops, a mosque and a marketplace. But it is all a facade. The area is actually a U.S. Army installation, the Fort Irwin National Training Center. If you want to see how a decade of fighting has profoundly changed the way the U.S. prepares its soldiers for war, this is where you come.<p>As the U.S. Sat, 19 Apr 2014 21:49:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39396 at http://iowapublicradio.org Training For An Uncertain Military Future In The Calif. Desert The Players In The Battle For India's Soul http://iowapublicradio.org/post/players-battle-indias-soul The numbers from India's election are staggering: 814 million potential voters, nine stages of voting over six weeks. They are the biggest in the world. Correspondent Julie McCarthy talks with NPR's Arun Rath about the candidates vying for power. Sat, 19 Apr 2014 21:09:00 +0000 editor 39393 at http://iowapublicradio.org Russia's Military: Threatening Enough To Avoid Using Force? http://iowapublicradio.org/post/russias-military-threatening-enough-avoid-using-force Russia is in the middle of a planned upgrade and expansion of its military forces, but global affairs professor Mark Galeotti tells NPR's Arun Rath that Russia's military has its limits. Sat, 19 Apr 2014 21:09:00 +0000 editor 39394 at http://iowapublicradio.org Despite Easter 'Truce,' Standoff In Ukraine Appears Steadfast http://iowapublicradio.org/post/despite-easter-truce-standoff-ukraine-appears-steadfast In the Ukrainian city of Donetsk, the opposing camps seem increasingly entrenched, despite a diplomatic effort to ease tensions. Pro-Russian forces refuse to leave occupied buildings and public squares in the east. It's an uneasy Easter weekend and neither side is willing to budge. Sat, 19 Apr 2014 21:09:00 +0000 Eleanor Beardsley 39395 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Journey Of Pain And Beauty: On Becoming Transgender In India http://iowapublicradio.org/post/journey-pain-and-beauty-becoming-transgender-india The signs came early that Abhina Aher was different.<p>Born a boy biologically and given the male name Abhijit, Aher grew up in a middle-class neighborhood of Mumbai, India. The son of a single mother who nurtured a love of dance, Aher would watch enthralled as she performed.<p>"I used to love to wear the clothes that my mother used to wear — her jewelry, her makeup," Aher, now 37, recalls. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 23:13:00 +0000 Julie McCarthy 39365 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Journey Of Pain And Beauty: On Becoming Transgender In India A Love Letter To Literature: Reading Gabo In 'The Paris Review' http://iowapublicradio.org/post/love-letter-literature-reading-gabo-paris-review Everyone has a favorite Gabriel Garcia Marquez book, and mine is <em>Love in the Time of Cholera</em>. It's the story of a romance that lasts decades, unwinding through the pages of the book. It's verbose, vibrant and full of love.<p>But that <em>libro</em> isn't my favorite section of the Garcia Marquez canon. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 22:50:00 +0000 editor 39364 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Love Letter To Literature: Reading Gabo In 'The Paris Review' In The Land Of Razor Clams, Dinner Hides Deep Within The Sand http://iowapublicradio.org/post/land-razor-clams-dinner-hides-deep-within-sand As soon as you drive into town, it's pretty clear that Long Beach, Wash., is all about the razor clam. The first clue is the giant frying pan. It's 14 feet tall and a relic of the clam festivals of the 1940s. And then there's the clam statue that spits when you insert a quarter.<p>But if you really want to see how much people here love their clams, you'd have to be like Karen Harrell and get up before dawn and drive out onto the blustery beach to go clam digging.<p>Harrell is one of hundreds of people already out on the beach, just ahead of the low tide, tramping around in rubber boots. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 21:53:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 39356 at http://iowapublicradio.org In The Land Of Razor Clams, Dinner Hides Deep Within The Sand In Virginia, Politicians Fish For Support At Old-Fashioned Event http://iowapublicradio.org/post/virginia-politicians-fish-support-old-fashioned-event At a time when new technologies and social media are transforming politics, we turn to a decidedly old-fashioned campaign event. It's an annual festival known as the Shad Planking, a spring rite of Virginia politics for nearly 70 years.<p>It's a must-attend event for state politicians, who practice the oldest form of retail politicking among tall pine trees at a dusty campsite.<p>In Wakefield, about an hour southeast of Virginia's capital of Richmond, shad fish have been roasting by on an open fire since 5 a.m. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 21:48:00 +0000 editor 39361 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Virginia, Politicians Fish For Support At Old-Fashioned Event Somalis In Kenya Are Used To Raids, But They Say This Was Different http://iowapublicradio.org/post/somalis-kenya-are-used-raids-say-was-different Mohammed Ali Isaac's hands shook as he showed his Kenyan ID to the police officers. They let him pass, but his cousins weren't so lucky. The two women had forgotten their IDs at home, and the police were threatening to load them into one of three large trucks they'd brought for the purpose.<p>Today's raid, with dozens of armed police officers in the middle of the day in the predominantly Somali neighborhood of Eastleigh in Nairobi, was timed for just after people streamed out of Friday prayers. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 21:42:00 +0000 Gregory Warner 39357 at http://iowapublicradio.org Somalis In Kenya Are Used To Raids, But They Say This Was Different Welcome, Spring — And More Importantly, Playoff Hockey http://iowapublicradio.org/post/welcome-spring-and-more-importantly-playoff-hockey Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>After the marathon, Boston sports fans will still have playoff hockey. If you pay attention to the National Hockey League, then you probably heard or maybe even said that there's nothing like the playoffs. And judging from the start of this year's playoffs, it's not an exaggeration. Here to talk more about it is sportswriter Stefan Fatsis. And, Stefan, the NHL playoffs began on Wednesday, but just how exciting have these first games been?<p>STEFAN FATSIS, BYLINE: They've been great. Seven games, so far, five decided by one goal. Two went into overtime. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 20:44:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39354 at http://iowapublicradio.org One Scientist's Quest To Vanquish Epileptic Seizures http://iowapublicradio.org/post/one-scientists-quest-vanquish-epileptic-seizures In the early 1990s, a young brain researcher named <a href="http://www.anatomy.uci.edu/solteszres.html">Ivan Soltesz</a> heard a story that would shape his career.<p>His adviser told him about a school for children whose epileptic seizures were so severe and frequent that they had to wear helmets to prevent head injuries. The only exception to the helmet rule was for students who received an award.<p>"The big deal for them is that they can take the helmet off while they're walking across the stage," Soltesz says. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 20:41:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 39351 at http://iowapublicradio.org One Scientist's Quest To Vanquish Epileptic Seizures Marathon Safety Embraced By Boston, For The Most Part http://iowapublicradio.org/post/marathon-safety-embraced-boston-most-part Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>This year's Boston Marathon will take place on Monday, and it will have a lot more security than in the past. Last year, of course, two bombs near the finish line killed three people and injured dozens more. Afterwards, Massachusetts authorities spent months developing a new security plan. The goal was to create an environment that's safe and secure but still allows people to have fun. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 20:41:00 +0000 Jeff Brady 39355 at http://iowapublicradio.org Obama's Favorite County — At Least When It Comes To Giving Speeches http://iowapublicradio.org/post/president-obamas-favorite-county-least-when-it-comes-giving-speeches Residents of Prince George's County, Md., might just get sick of hearing "Hail to the Chief." President Obama has visited this county to deliver policy addresses more than any other in his second term.<p>"Hello Maryland. It's good to see you," the president said enthusiastically in January at a Costco in Lanham, Md. "I love to get outside of the Beltway, even if it is just a few hundred feet away."<p>For many years, presidents have traveled to Prince George's County because it is the location of Joint Base Andrews, the home base of Air Force One. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 22:02:00 +0000 Tamara Keith 39301 at http://iowapublicradio.org Obama's Favorite County — At Least When It Comes To Giving Speeches When Being Pregnant Also Means Being Out Of A Job http://iowapublicradio.org/post/when-being-pregnant-also-means-being-out-job The workplace has become a more understanding place for pregnant women or new moms these days. Many companies now have lactation rooms and offer more liberal maternity and paternity leave policies than in years past.<p>But for some women, pregnancy can still be a career liability.<p>Heather Myers was fresh out of high school and working at a Wal-Mart in Salina, Kan., in 2006 when she found out she was pregnant. She kept a water bottle with her on the sales floor, as her doctor recommended. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 21:12:00 +0000 Yuki Noguchi 39296 at http://iowapublicradio.org When Being Pregnant Also Means Being Out Of A Job The Ohio Snake Art That's Been Mid-Slither For A Millennium http://iowapublicradio.org/post/ohio-snake-art-thats-been-mid-slither-millennium In new installment of the Spring Break series, Noah Adams visits the Serpent Mound in southern Ohio. It's not a burial site; it's a massive, grass-covered effigy of a snake, created a thousand years ago. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 21:12:00 +0000 Noah Adams 39299 at http://iowapublicradio.org The Ohio Snake Art That's Been Mid-Slither For A Millennium A Story Of Torture And Forgiveness That Spans A Half-Century http://iowapublicradio.org/post/story-torture-and-forgiveness-spans-half-century Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>In 1995, two men whose paths had crossed more than half a century before, met in Thailand: one a Scotsman, the other Japanese. In 1942, the Scotsman, Eric Lomax, had been a prisoner of war and a victim of torture. Takashi Nagase was a Japanese soldier and an English language interpreter for the men who tortured Lomax. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 21:12:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39300 at http://iowapublicradio.org On Russian Call-in Show, Putin Maintains Hard Line Against West http://iowapublicradio.org/post/russian-call-show-putin-maintains-hard-line-against-west Russian President Vladimir Putin says he hopes he won't have to move troops into Ukraine to protect the local Russian-speaking population, but he reserves the right to do so. He made the comments on a televised call-in show. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 20:12:00 +0000 Corey Flintoff 39282 at http://iowapublicradio.org Search Continues For Nearly 300 Missing In South Korea Ferry Accident http://iowapublicradio.org/post/search-continues-nearly-300-missing-south-korea-ferry-accident The search continues for survivors and answers in the South Korean ferry disaster. NPR's Anthony Kuhn offers details on the latest developments. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Anthony Kuhn 39283 at http://iowapublicradio.org Why Israel Is Staying On The Sidelines In Ukraine Crisis http://iowapublicradio.org/post/why-israel-staying-sidelines-ukraine-crisis Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called Russian President Vladimir Putin this week to talk about Ukraine. Israel has stayed neutral on the crisis there. And last month, they did not show up to vote on a U.N. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 20:07:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39293 at http://iowapublicradio.org Rescuers Deliver Most, But Not All, Nigerian Schoolgirls To Safety http://iowapublicradio.org/post/rescuers-deliver-most-not-all-nigerian-schoolgirls-safety Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>In Nigeria, all but eight girls kidnapped from a boarding school earlier this week have been rescued, according to the Nigerian military. As many as 100 girls have been missing after heavily-armed militants from the Islamist group known as Boko Haram raided their dorm. Boko Haram, whose name in the local Hausa language translates roughly as Western education is sinful, has been waging a campaign of violence in northern Nigeria. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 22:16:00 +0000 Ofeibea Quist-Arcton 39236 at http://iowapublicradio.org Israel's Ultra-Orthodox Put Faith In Unorthodox Dating Service http://iowapublicradio.org/post/israels-ultra-orthodox-put-faith-unorthodox-dating-service Yael Mizrachi, a 33-year-old Israeli woman, has been to many matchmakers.<p>"Too many," she says, rolling her wide dark eyes and tossing her shoulder-length hair.<p>Matchmakers are the traditional way to find a mate in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community to which Mizrachi belongs. But she is not entirely traditional.<p>"I identify myself as a modern ultra-Orthodox," Mizrachi says.<p>Mizrachi is part of a growing number of ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel who are seeking job skills, getting higher education or joining the military. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 22:16:00 +0000 Emily Harris 39237 at http://iowapublicradio.org Israel's Ultra-Orthodox Put Faith In Unorthodox Dating Service Book Review: 'Kinder Than Solitude' http://iowapublicradio.org/post/book-review-kinder-solitude Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Author Yiyun Li's latest novel begins with a death. Three friends are linked to the victim and the clues begin to pile up. But this isn't your typical whodunit. There's no famous detective helpfully vacationing nearby, no friendly sidekick or devious villain. Even the crime of poisoning occurred in the distant past.<p>Instead, the novel explores what happens when bad memories are buried for a lifetime. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 22:16:00 +0000 editor 39239 at http://iowapublicradio.org Book Review: 'Kinder Than Solitude' Justice's 'Peacemaker' Unit Focuses On Transgender Rights http://iowapublicradio.org/post/justices-peacemaker-unit-focuses-transgender-rights A groundbreaking survey reports that <a href="http://transequality.org/PDFs/Executive_Summary.pdf" target="_blank">nearly 2 out of 3 transgender people</a> say they've been victims of physical assault. Most of those crimes are never reported to police. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 21:05:00 +0000 Carrie Johnson 39231 at http://iowapublicradio.org Justice's 'Peacemaker' Unit Focuses On Transgender Rights Legal Moves Might Mean Fiscal Relief, And More PR Troubles, For GM http://iowapublicradio.org/post/legal-moves-might-mean-fiscal-relief-and-more-pr-troubles-gm General Motors is signaling its plans to ask a bankruptcy judge for protection from lawsuits related to a defective switch recall. As Michigan Radio's Tracy Samilton reports, the action could further complicate its current public relations crisis. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 21:05:00 +0000 editor 39234 at http://iowapublicradio.org New Fossil Takes A Bite Out Of Theory That Sharks Barely Evolved http://iowapublicradio.org/post/new-fossil-takes-bite-out-theory-sharks-barely-evolved Sharks have looked more or less the same for hundreds of millions of years. But a newly discovered fossil suggests that under the hood, a modern shark is very different from its ancient ancestors.<p>The finding, <a href="http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature13195.html">published in the journal Nature</a>, strongly implies that sharks are not the "living fossils" many paleontologists once thought they were. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 21:05:00 +0000 Geoff Brumfiel 39235 at http://iowapublicradio.org New Fossil Takes A Bite Out Of Theory That Sharks Barely Evolved Iranian U.N. Ambassador's Past Makes Fodder For Diplomatic Dust-up http://iowapublicradio.org/post/iranian-un-ambassadors-past-makes-fodder-diplomatic-dust The U.S. has denied a visa to Hamid Aboutalebi, Iran's choice as ambassador to the United Nations, which is based in New York. Aboutalebi is an experienced diplomat, but his past involvement as a translator during the 1979 takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran is problematic. Iran has complained to the world body, and a special committee is set to review the issue next week. <em>Bloomberg</em> reporter Sangwon Yoon explains the diplomatic controversy and how it may play out. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:24:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39227 at http://iowapublicradio.org When Parents Are The Ones Too Distracted By Devices http://iowapublicradio.org/post/when-parents-are-ones-too-distracted-devices Having a teenager lost in his or her cellphone — texting friends and communicating with parents in monosyllabic grunts — has become a trope of the Internet age. But teens are not the only ones distracted by their devices.<p>Many parents have the same problem. As much as I hate to admit it, I'm one of them.<p>A couple weeks ago, my 12-year-daughter, Ella, staged an intervention. She and my wife basically threatened to take my phone and break it.<p>"Sometimes at night you'll just stand around and ... Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:24:00 +0000 Steve Henn 39228 at http://iowapublicradio.org When Parents Are The Ones Too Distracted By Devices From Cuba To LA Baseball Diamond, Yasiel Puig's Dangerous Odyssey http://iowapublicradio.org/post/cuba-la-baseball-diamond-yasiel-puigs-dangerous-odyssey Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>Yasiel Puig is the star second-year outfielder with the Los Angeles Dodgers. He is a Cuban refugee who plays with phenomenal athletic talent and abandon. In fact, sometimes what he abandons is the guidance of his coaches and manager. He is energetic to the point of recklessness when he's running bases or playing the outfield. Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:24:00 +0000 NPR Staff 39229 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Portugal, A Sales Receipt May Be Your Ticket To Win Big http://iowapublicradio.org/post/portugal-sales-receipt-may-be-your-ticket-win-big On Lisbon's cobblestone lanes, the Portuguese economy is hobbling along as it always has — in cash.<p>In a tiny, 100-year-old bar, Nuno Goncalves pours out glasses of <em>ginja</em> — a Portuguese sweet cherry liqueur — for his customers, mostly old men in flat caps. A small shot-glass full costs 50 cents — cash only. There is a cash register, but it doesn't print receipts.<p>"It's a local business. They just count the money they have, and the bottles they sell," explains a customer named Felipe. "They will not give you a receipt — and you will not ask for a receipt. Because, come on! Tue, 15 Apr 2014 21:34:00 +0000 Lauren Frayer 39183 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Portugal, A Sales Receipt May Be Your Ticket To Win Big Risks Of Popular Anxiety Drugs Often Overshadowed http://iowapublicradio.org/post/risks-popular-anxiety-drugs-often-overshadowed When actor Philip Seymour Hoffman died of an overdose in February, the New York City medical examiner ruled that his death was the result of "acute mixed drug intoxication." Heroin, cocaine and a widely prescribed class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, or benzos, were found in his system.<p>The drugs first burst onto the scene in the 1950s and '60s and quickly became known as "<a href="http://www.med.umich.edu/psych/faculty/metzl/07_Metzl.pdf">mother's little helper</a>," the mild tranquilizer that could soothe frazzled housewives' nerves. Tue, 15 Apr 2014 21:29:00 +0000 Susan Sharon 39181 at http://iowapublicradio.org Risks Of Popular Anxiety Drugs Often Overshadowed