Martin Kaste http://iowapublicradio.org en New York Death Reignites Decades-Old Debate Over Neck Restraints http://iowapublicradio.org/post/how-chokehold-aka-neck-restraint-supposed-work Eric Garner's funeral will be held in Brooklyn, N.Y., on Wednesday afternoon. The New Yorker died last week shortly after being wrestled to the ground by police.<p>The arrest was caught <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-5UY9I1EbU">on video</a>, and the case has stirred up considerable anger in New York City — and renewed a debate over the use of force by police officers. Police confronted Garner over the suspicion that he was selling untaxed cigarettes. Wed, 23 Jul 2014 10:10:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 44159 at http://iowapublicradio.org New York Death Reignites Decades-Old Debate Over Neck Restraints States Push For Prison Sentence Overhaul; Prosecutors Push Back http://iowapublicradio.org/post/states-push-prison-sentence-reform-and-prosecutors-push-back Some red states like Louisiana and Texas have emerged as leaders in a new movement: to divert offenders from prisons and into drug treatment, work release and other incarceration alternatives.<p>By most counts, Louisiana has the highest incarceration rate in the country. Wed, 09 Jul 2014 07:32:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 43433 at http://iowapublicradio.org States Push For Prison Sentence Overhaul; Prosecutors Push Back For Prison Reform Critics, Jail Cells Spell Hope To Kick Addiction http://iowapublicradio.org/post/prison-reform-critics-jail-cells-spell-hope-kick-addiction Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Now the pushback against prison reform. America's prison population has begun to decline, thanks to reform efforts that are being embraced in some very red states. Texas has been leading the pack, changing its system to divert more offenders away from prison and into drug treatment and work-release programs. Still, not everyone is on board, especially when you start talking about eliminating prison time for drug offenders. Tue, 08 Jul 2014 20:13:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 43414 at http://iowapublicradio.org In A Standoff With Montana Officials, The Justice Department Blinks http://iowapublicradio.org/post/standoff-montana-officials-justice-dept-blinks The Justice Department announced Tuesday it <a href="http://missoulian.com/news/local/missoula-county-state-doj-sign-agreement-to-improve-handling-of/article_bb8c665a-f0c1-11e3-8689-0019bb2963f4.html">has resolved a two-year-old standoff</a> with the county attorney in Missoula, Mont., in what was originally a dispute over accusations that local prosecutors weren't doing enough to prosecute rape cases.<p>Over time, however, the issue turned into something else: a test of the Feds' power to impose reform on local prosecutors. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 22:38:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 42017 at http://iowapublicradio.org Can Cop-Worn Cameras Restore Faith In New Orleans Police? http://iowapublicradio.org/post/can-cop-worn-cameras-restore-faith-new-orleans-police Body-worn video cameras are quickly becoming standard-issue for American police, especially at departments in the process of reform. And in New Orleans, the troubled police department is now requiring almost all officers to wear the cameras.<p>The city's police department has a dark history of corruption, racism and brutality. Thu, 22 May 2014 22:00:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 41080 at http://iowapublicradio.org Can Cop-Worn Cameras Restore Faith In New Orleans Police? Invoking 'Castle Doctrine,' Mont. Man Pleads Not Guilty In Teen's Death http://iowapublicradio.org/post/invoking-castle-doctrine-man-pleads-not-guilty-teens-death Montana resident Markus Kaarma pleaded not guilty Wednesday to charges of murdering a German exchange student last month. Kaarma shot the 17-year-old while the student was trespassing in his garage. The case has attracted international scrutiny to the contentious debate over how far Americans may go when defending their homes.<p>Kaarma's lawyer, Paul Ryan, says his client feels badly about the shooting, but that prosecutors in Missoula, Mont., have no business charging Kaarma with murder. Wed, 21 May 2014 22:57:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 41022 at http://iowapublicradio.org Invoking 'Castle Doctrine,' Mont. Man Pleads Not Guilty In Teen's Death Botched Oklahoma Execution Mobilizes Death Penalty Opponents http://iowapublicradio.org/post/botched-oklahoma-execution-mobilizes-death-penalty-opponents Oklahoma death row inmate Clayton Lockett's execution was botched on Tuesday, when a relatively new combination of drugs failed to work as expected. The incident, the second of its kind in recent months, is renewing questions of what constitutes "cruel and unusual punishment." <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 20:00:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 39945 at http://iowapublicradio.org Wash. Loses 'No Child Left Behind' Waiver Over Teacher Evaluations http://iowapublicradio.org/post/wash-loses-no-child-left-behind-waiver-over-teacher-evaluations Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Washington has become the first state to lose its waiver to the No Child Left Behind Act. Most states have waivers to some of the more stringent requirements of the 2001 federal law but those waivers come with conditions. As NPR's Martin Kaste reports, Washington is being punished because it didn't fulfill a condition that is very dear to the Obama administration.<p>MARTIN KASTE, BYLINE: What the administration wants is simple. Fri, 25 Apr 2014 20:12:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 39728 at http://iowapublicradio.org In The Land Of Razor Clams, Dinner Hides Deep Within The Sand http://iowapublicradio.org/post/land-razor-clams-dinner-hides-deep-within-sand As soon as you drive into town, it's pretty clear that Long Beach, Wash., is all about the razor clam. The first clue is the giant frying pan. It's 14 feet tall and a relic of the clam festivals of the 1940s. And then there's the clam statue that spits when you insert a quarter.<p>But if you really want to see how much people here love their clams, you'd have to be like Karen Harrell and get up before dawn and drive out onto the blustery beach to go clam digging.<p>Harrell is one of hundreds of people already out on the beach, just ahead of the low tide, tramping around in rubber boots. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 21:53:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 39356 at http://iowapublicradio.org In The Land Of Razor Clams, Dinner Hides Deep Within The Sand Apple Upgrade Tracks Customers Even When Marketing Apps Are Off http://iowapublicradio.org/post/apple-upgrade-tracks-customers-even-when-marketing-apps-are The people who design marketing apps are celebrating a change in the way <a href="http://support.apple.com/kb/HT6048">iBeacon</a> works on iPhones. That's the Bluetooth-based system that lets a store track a customer's movements, and capitalize on them. For instance, if iBeacon detects you lingering in the shoe department, it might send you a digital coupon for socks.<p>IBeacon has been around for a while, and marketers liked the concept in principle. Tue, 15 Apr 2014 15:50:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 39160 at http://iowapublicradio.org Apple Upgrade Tracks Customers Even When Marketing Apps Are Off Survey: Americans Skeptical Of Prison For Non-Violent Drug Crimes http://iowapublicradio.org/post/survey-americans-skeptical-prison-non-violent-drug-crimes Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>Now to a new survey from the Pew Research Center that's found more evidence of a shift in public attitudes toward illegal drug use.<p>As NPR's Martin Kaste reports, the survey indicates growing public skepticism about prison terms for nonviolent drug offenders.<p>MARTIN KASTE, BYLINE: This shift has been going on for a while now. Previous polls already showed a new majority in favor of legalizing marijuana. But in this survey, you also see changing attitudes toward harder drugs.<p>Carroll Doherty is Pew's director of political research. Wed, 02 Apr 2014 20:16:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 38522 at http://iowapublicradio.org Washington Landslide Takes A Grim — And Fluctuating — Toll http://iowapublicradio.org/post/washington-landslide-takes-grim-and-fluctuating-toll Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>It's been nine days since the devastating mudslide in the tiny community of Oso, Washington, and it's now apparent that the death toll will not be nearly so high as it once been feared. The loss is still terrible. State officials that 21 people are confirmed dead, dozens are listed as missing. Mon, 31 Mar 2014 20:04:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 38389 at http://iowapublicradio.org Your Smartphone Is A Crucial Police Tool, If They Can Crack It http://iowapublicradio.org/post/your-smartphone-crucial-police-tool-if-they-can-crack-it New software and gizmos are revolutionizing police work, with <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/02/28/284131881/as-police-monitor-social-media-legal-lines-become-blurred">social media scanners</a>, <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2013/10/28/228181778/a-look-into-facebooks-potential-to-recognize-anybodys-face">facial recognition</a> and other high tech items. Tue, 25 Mar 2014 18:54:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 38092 at http://iowapublicradio.org Your Smartphone Is A Crucial Police Tool, If They Can Crack It Caution And Concern Prevail In Days Following Washington Landslide http://iowapublicradio.org/post/caution-and-concern-prevail-days-following-washington-landslide Officials in Washington say they've received 108 reports of people missing in the region hit by a recent landslide. But they say that is a "soft number" and rescue efforts continue. Mon, 24 Mar 2014 20:33:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 38048 at http://iowapublicradio.org Missoula County Attorney Tells Justice Department It's Wrong http://iowapublicradio.org/post/missoula-county-attorney-tells-justice-department-its-wrong Accused of bias against female victims of sex crimes, the Missoula county attorney turned around and accused the Justice Department of bully tactics. DOJ officials showed up in Missoula two years ago. Wed, 12 Mar 2014 10:12:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 37433 at http://iowapublicradio.org Sand Grinds World's Largest Tunneling Machine To A Halt http://iowapublicradio.org/post/sand-grinds-worlds-largest-tunneling-machine-halt Contractors working for the state of Washington are planning a high-stakes operation to rescue Bertha — the world's largest tunneling machine.<p>Bertha is supposed to be boring a 2-mile highway tunnel under downtown Seattle, but it got stuck in December.<p>Bertha is on Seattle's waterfront, between South Main and South Jackson streets, about 60 feet straight down. At first, they thought the machine was being stymied by a big glacial rock. Then attention focused on the chewed-up remains of a metal pipe. Sat, 01 Mar 2014 10:43:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 36947 at http://iowapublicradio.org Sand Grinds World's Largest Tunneling Machine To A Halt As Police Monitor Social Media, Legal Lines Become Blurred http://iowapublicradio.org/post/police-monitor-social-media-legal-lines-become-blurred-0 Social media monitoring started in the world of marketing, allowing companies to track what people were saying about their brands. But now, with software that allows users to scan huge volumes of public postings on social media, police are starting to embrace it as well.<p>Many police departments in Britain use <a href="http://www.crowdcontrolhq.com/">a product sold by CrowdControlHQ</a>. CEO James Leavesley says the company is in the business of monitoring "social media risk."<p>Companies can use the product to keep tabs on what employees say on social media or watch what others are saying. Sat, 01 Mar 2014 02:04:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 36946 at http://iowapublicradio.org As Police Monitor Social Media, Legal Lines Become Blurred As Police Monitor Social Media, Legal Lines Become Blurred http://iowapublicradio.org/post/police-monitor-social-media-legal-lines-become-blurred Social monitoring started in the world of marketing, allowing companies to track what people were saying about their brands. But now, with software that allows users to scan huge volumes of public postings on social media, police are starting to embrace it as well.<p>Many police departments in Britain use a product sold by CrowdControlHQ. CEO James Leavesley calls it a "social media risk media and monitoring" company, <strong>meant primarily as a means of staying in touch with the public</strong>. Fri, 28 Feb 2014 21:01:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 36933 at http://iowapublicradio.org As Police Monitor Social Media, Legal Lines Become Blurred In 'Domain Awareness,' Detractors See Another NSA http://iowapublicradio.org/post/domain-awareness-detractors-see-another-nsa Police are like the rest of us; they suffer from information overload. The data pour in from 21st century sources ranging from license plate readers to Twitter. But as the information comes in, it hits an old-fashioned bottleneck: human beings.<p>"They all have access to different databases," says Dave Mosher, vice president of program management at Microsoft Services. He describes the typical law enforcement command center as a room full of people at computers. Fri, 21 Feb 2014 21:30:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 36620 at http://iowapublicradio.org In 'Domain Awareness,' Detractors See Another NSA Cold War Technology Sought By Spy Is In Your Pocket — Sort Of http://iowapublicradio.org/post/cold-war-technology-sought-spy-your-pocket-sort Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>And now to All Tech Considered.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF THEME MUSIC)<p>CORNISH: Today is a tricky business of keeping some American technologies out of foreign hands. When a man from Hong Kong met with an aerospace company in Seattle last week, he was really dealing with an undercover Homeland Security agent. See Kee Chin allegedly tried to buy $85,000 worth of highly specialized accelerometers. Mon, 17 Feb 2014 21:13:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 36411 at http://iowapublicradio.org New Animation Details What Went Wrong In 2010 Plant Explosion http://iowapublicradio.org/post/new-animation-details-what-went-wrong-2010-plant-explosion The U.S. Chemical Safety Board has released its draft report into the causes of a devastating 2010 explosion at a Tesoro refinery on Puget Sound. Thu, 30 Jan 2014 19:53:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 35576 at http://iowapublicradio.org New Animation Details What Went Wrong In 2010 Plant Explosion Holder Favors Pot Banking, And Legal Dealers Shrug http://iowapublicradio.org/post/holder-favors-pot-banking-and-legal-dealers-shrug When I heard late Thursday that Attorney General Eric Holder had come out in favor of bank accounts for <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/24/us/legal-marijuana-businesses-should-have-access-to-banks-holder-says.html">state-sanctioned pot businesses</a>, I assumed the industry would react with cheers. Fri, 24 Jan 2014 22:10:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 35290 at http://iowapublicradio.org Holder Favors Pot Banking, And Legal Dealers Shrug Marijuana 'Hash Oil' Explodes In Popularity, And Kitchens http://iowapublicradio.org/post/marijuana-hash-oil-explodes-popularity-and-kitchens If you think the recent liberalization of marijuana laws around the country is only about smoking leaves and buds, think again. For users younger than 25, "hash oil" is where it's really at. This concentrated resin of marijuana is creating new public safety headaches — even in places where it's legal.<p>There have always been forms of the substance, but the resins available today are much stronger than in years past. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 22:32:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 34703 at http://iowapublicradio.org Marijuana 'Hash Oil' Explodes In Popularity, And Kitchens A Late Christmas Tree May Not Be A Beauty, But It's A Tradition http://iowapublicradio.org/post/late-christmas-tree-may-not-be-beauty-its-tradition Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>For a lot of families, Christmas tree tradition spark household debate. For instance, tinsel or beads; white lights or multicolored; star or angel on top. And for some people, it's not how to decorate the tree. It is when to put it up, early or late, late being now, Christmas Eve. NPR's Martin Kaste falls into that last category.<p>MARTIN KASTE, BYLINE: Yes, I belong to that small and shrinking tribe. We're the ones lurking in the Christmas tree lots at the last possible moment. Tue, 24 Dec 2013 21:35:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 33990 at http://iowapublicradio.org 'Bertha' Still Stuck In Her Tunnel Under Seattle http://iowapublicradio.org/post/bertha-still-stuck-her-tunnel-under-seattle Transcript <p>RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: <p>This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. The people of Seattle are puzzled by a mystery unfolding underground: the world's biggest tunneling machine is stuck about 75 feet under street level where it's digging a nearly two-mile-long highway right under downtown Seattle. As NPR's Martin Kaste reports, engineers say it'll take until January to figure out what is causing the block.<p>MARTIN KASTE, BYLINE: They call the machine Bertha, and it has a circular cutting face five stories high, with special attachments for chewing up boulders. Sun, 22 Dec 2013 15:05:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 33892 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Majority In U.S. Favor Legal Pot, But Will That Stick? http://iowapublicradio.org/post/majority-us-favor-legal-pot-will-stick <em>As we near the end of 2013, NPR is taking a look at the numbers that tell the story of this year. They're numbers that, if you really understand them, give insight into the world we live in. </em><p>This year, for the first time, national polls show a majority of Americans support the legalization of marijuana. Tue, 17 Dec 2013 22:28:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 33668 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Majority In U.S. Favor Legal Pot, But Will That Stick? Washington State Growers Roll The Dice On New Pot Licenses http://iowapublicradio.org/post/washington-state-growers-roll-dice-new-pot-licenses Washington residents thinking about jumping into the state's new legal marijuana industry need to act soon. The deadline to apply for a state license to sell recreational pot is Dec. 19, and the applications are flooding in.<p>Danielle Rosellison, a loan officer in Bellingham, Wash., applied for her pot-growing license on the first day. "It's so cool," she says, laughing. "We have butterflies in our stomach all the time. Tue, 03 Dec 2013 21:06:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 32993 at http://iowapublicradio.org Washington State Growers Roll The Dice On New Pot Licenses Is It The End Of The Line For The Landline? http://iowapublicradio.org/post/have-we-reached-end-landline America's traditional phone system is not as dependable as it used to be. Just last month, the Federal Communications Commission told phone companies to start <a href="http://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/problems-long-distance-or-wireless-calling-rural-areas">collecting stats on calls that fail to complete</a>. According to one estimate, as many as 1 in 5 incoming long-distance calls simply doesn't connect.<p>The problem may be in the way those calls are being routed — often via the Internet, which is cheaper. Mon, 18 Nov 2013 22:05:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 32315 at http://iowapublicradio.org Is It The End Of The Line For The Landline? There May Be A Green Light For Pot, But Not For Driving High http://iowapublicradio.org/post/there-may-be-green-light-pot-not-driving-high Western states have led the way in the legalization of marijuana, first with medical marijuana, and then with the legalization of recreational pot in Colorado and Washington last November.<p>It's been quite an adjustment for the police. Washington State Patrol is adapting to the new reality in a variety of ways, from untraining dogs that sniff out pot, to figuring out how to police high drivers.<p><strong>A Smell Once Forbidden</strong><p>I'm driving through Seattle on Interstate 5. Wed, 06 Nov 2013 21:54:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 31737 at http://iowapublicradio.org There May Be A Green Light For Pot, But Not For Driving High A Look Into Facebook's Potential To Recognize Anybody's Face http://iowapublicradio.org/post/look-facebooks-potential-recognize-anybodys-face Revelations about NSA spying have left people wondering about the privacy of their digital data. Mon, 28 Oct 2013 07:38:00 +0000 Martin Kaste 31217 at http://iowapublicradio.org A Look Into Facebook's Potential To Recognize Anybody's Face