NASA Astronaut Dick Gordon Has Died At Age 88

Nov 7, 2017
Originally published on November 7, 2017 6:06 pm

Astronaut Dick Gordon who flew to the moon but never got a chance to walk on the surface has died at his California home at age 88, according to NASA.

NASA Administrator Robert Lightfoot said, "Dick will be fondly remembered as one of our nation's boldest flyers, a man who added to our own nation's capabilities by challenging his own. He will be missed."

Gordon never thought he would be a pilot — let alone an astronaut who would be one of just 24 people to fly to the moon. In fact, as a young boy, born during the Great Depression in 1929, he actually dreamed of being a priest or even a professional baseball player.

It wasn't until he entered Navy flight school that he first touched an airplane. But he knew right then that flying high and going fast were his life's callings. "Once I found out what that airplane could do for me or I could do for it, it was love at first sight," he said.

He received his wings as a naval aviator in 1953 and eventually became a test pilot and won the Bendix Trophy Race from Los Angeles to New York in 1961 (setting a new transcontinental speed record of 2 hours and 47 minutes). By this point, Gordon was all about going fast.

NASA selected him in the third group of astronauts named in 1963, and he first flew to space aboard Gemini 11 in 1966. It was a demanding three-day mission. He and mission commander Pete Conrad had a whole series of important tasks to perfect as NASA continued its march to the moon for the upcoming Apollo program.

Gordon had two spacewalks — at a time when NASA still hadn't mastered them. He ran into problems from the start. Gordon labored somewhat alarmingly outside the capsule — breathing heavily and sweating profusely.

"How are you doing?" asked Conrad.

"Tired, Pete."

"Alright. Just rest. You've got plenty of time. You've only been out nine minutes."

Gordon's visor was fogging up as he struggled in the weightlessness (much like had happened in previous spacewalks). There were no handholds or places to pin his feet, and he kept floating away from the spacecraft. "I equate the experience I had with trying to tie your shoelaces with one hand," he remembered during an interview with NPR in 2016. "It's an impossible task and we learn from that. I think we learn more from our failures and mistakes than we do with anything else."

NASA made it to the moon by the end of the 1960s because it overcame and learned from obstacles like this one.

Gordon flew again in 1969 on Apollo 12, the second mission to land on the moon. He was the command module pilot and stayed behind, circling the moon as Conrad and Alan Bean walked on the surface.

For 42 hours, he was by himself and said he loved it. When he wasn't busy conducting experiments and taking pictures, he enjoyed the solitude — especially as he looked back at the planet: "Makes you think about the fragility of our Earth and the things we do to it to make you realize how fragile it is."

Gordon was in line to command a later lunar mission, perhaps Apollo 18. But that flight was canceled. He was disappointed he never got to walk on the moon but proud of his NASA tenure. After he left the space agency, he became a vice president of the New Orleans Saints football team and later worked for several oil and gas companies.

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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

An astronaut from the early days of NASA has died - Dick Gordon. He was 88. Gordon flew in space twice. Once, he orbited the moon, but he lost out on a chance to walk on the lunar surface later in his career. NPR's Russell Lewis has this remembrance.

RUSSELL LEWIS, BYLINE: When Dick Gordon was a child, words such as astronaut or cosmonaut didn't exist. Leaving the Earth wasn't something he ever dreamed about. At one point, he thought he'd become a priest or a baseball player. And it wasn't until he entered Navy flight school that he first touched an airplane. But he knew right then flying high and going fast were his life's calling.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

DICK GORDON: Once I found out what that airplane could do for me or I could do for it, it was love at first sight.

LEWIS: Gordon's first flight to space was aboard Gemini 11 in 1966. It was a demanding three-day mission. He and Commander Pete Conrad had a whole series of important tasks to perfect as NASA continued its march to the moon for the upcoming Apollo program. Gordon had two spacewalks, and NASA still hadn't mastered them. He ran into problems from the start. Gordon labored outside the capsule, breathing heavily and sweating profusely. Here he is talking to Conrad.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PETE CONRAD: How you doing?

GORDON: Tired, Pete.

CONRAD: All right. Just rest. You've got plenty of time. You've only been out nine minutes.

LEWIS: Gordon's visor fogged up, and he struggled in the weightlessness against the tether. There were no handholds or places to pin his feet, and he kept floating away from the spacecraft. As he told NPR in a 2016 interview, it was frustrating.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST)

GORDON: I equate the experience I had with trying to tie your shoelaces with one hand. It's an impossible task. And we learned from that. I think we learn more from our failures, our mistakes than we do with anything else.

LEWIS: This is why NASA made it to the moon - overcoming and learning from obstacles like this one in earlier flights to make later ones successful. Gordon flew again on Apollo 12, the second lunar landing mission in 1969. He was the command module pilot and stayed behind, circling the moon as Pete Conrad and Alan Bean walked on the surface. For 42 hours, he was by himself and loving it. When he wasn't busy conducting experiments and taking pictures, he enjoyed the solitude and the moments to reflect, especially as he looked back at our planet.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST)

GORDON: Make you think about the fragility of our Earth and the things that we do to it - make you realize how fragile it is.

LEWIS: Gordon was in line to command a later lunar mission, perhaps Apollo 18. But that flight was canceled. He was disappointed he never got to walk on the moon but proud of his NASA tenure. After he left the space agency, he became a vice president of the New Orleans Saints football team and later worked for several oil and gas companies. Russell Lewis, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.