Leila Fadel http://iowapublicradio.org en Egyptians Fear Power Outages Could Fuel More Unrest http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egyptians-fear-power-outages-could-fuel-more-unrest Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep. Sometimes in the evening in Cairo, Egypt, people take a sailboat ride on the Nile. I got to do this once, Renee. It's amazing. The river cuts through the center of the city and you can see the lights of Cairo spreading along each bank. Except, of course, when the lights are out.<p>MONTAGNE: And power outages are a feature of daily life, I gather. The electrical grid needs repair. Power plants need fuel. Tue, 22 Apr 2014 08:56:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 39491 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egyptian Journalist Trial Is Long On Jail Time — But Short On Proof http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egyptian-journalist-trial-long-jail-time-short-proof Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. In Cairo today, three journalists with the al-Jazeera English channel were back in court. They're accused of being terrorists and spreading false information and it's a case causing international condemnation. The journalists have now been in jail for more than 100 days, part of a wide crackdown on Islamists, critics of the government and the press.<p>NPR's Leila Fadel was in the courtroom today and joins us now. Thu, 10 Apr 2014 20:08:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 38931 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egyptian Town Reeling Over Mass Death Sentence http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egyptian-town-reeling-over-mass-death-sentence More than 500 people in Matea, Egypt, have been sentenced to death. On one street alone, a juice store owner, a sweets shop owner, a doctor and more than 20 others have been condemned. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 21:10:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 38279 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt, Defendants Are Being Tried By The Hundreds http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egypt-defendants-are-being-tried-hundreds Egypt's legal system has already been under scrutiny with a raft of high-profile cases that include two ousted presidents and scores of activists. And a new wave of international criticism is building after an Egyptian court sentenced 529 men to death after a two-day trial.<p>The judge sentenced the men for the killing of a police officer. They were also charged with arson, inciting violence and other crimes in the province of Minya, just south of Cairo.<p>The <a href="http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47423#.UzLq0a2Sw_c" target="_blank">U.N. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 20:38:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 38222 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt, Defendants Are Being Tried By The Hundreds Egyptian Court Sentences 529 Morsi Supporters To Death http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egyptian-court-sentences-529-morsi-supporters-death Transcript <p>LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning. In Egypt yesterday, a criminal court sentenced 529 people to death over the killing of a police officer. The verdict has been described as unprecedented and humanitarian critics say the two-day trial that preceded it was a sham. Here's NPR's Leila Fadel from Cairo.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Human rights groups call the mass death sentences the most severe verdict they've seen in modern history. Tue, 25 Mar 2014 09:06:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 38071 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt, A New Courtroom Drama Every Day http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egypt-new-courtroom-drama-every-day Not one but two ousted presidents are on trial. In cages. As are a group of journalists from the Al Jazeera satellite channel. Then there are the countless activists facing charges that are widely seen as politically motivated.<p>If you like courtroom dramas, Egypt is the place to be these days. Fri, 14 Mar 2014 07:28:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 37544 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt, A New Courtroom Drama Every Day Outmanned And Outgunned, Libya Struggles To Fix Its Broken Army http://iowapublicradio.org/post/outmanned-and-outgunned-libya-struggles-fix-its-broken-army In Libya, disputes are settled by guns.<p>On a recent day, just west of Tripoli, the Libyan capital, gunfire erupts, a battle between two families. It builds for hours; people run for cover. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 08:36:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 36794 at http://iowapublicradio.org Outmanned And Outgunned, Libya Struggles To Fix Its Broken Army Looking Back On Libya: 'We Were Naive' About The Challenges http://iowapublicradio.org/post/looking-back-libya-we-were-naive-challenges In 2011, I crossed the border with other journalists into a country that had been cut off from the world for 42 years. We had no idea what to expect as we entered what the rebels were calling "Free Libya."<p>Where before there had been oppressive security, instead what greeted us was a motley group of ecstatic young men with guns who welcomed journalists to the land they'd liberated. There was no passport control, no rules and a sense of relief that the world would finally hear their stories.<p>They showed videos of atrocities committed by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's men. Sun, 16 Feb 2014 21:26:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 36368 at http://iowapublicradio.org Looking Back On Libya: 'We Were Naive' About The Challenges Libya's Slow And Bloody Path Toward Stability http://iowapublicradio.org/post/libyas-slow-and-bloody-path-toward-stability Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. This month marks the third anniversary of Libya's uprising against a brutal dictator, Moammar Gadhafi. After a bloody civil war, he was ousted and later killed - and now Libya is trying to rebuild itself. But the process has been slow. The divided nation still has a weak government and is awash with weapons. NPR's Leila Fadel has just returned from Tripoli and joins us from Cairo. Leila, thanks so much for being with us.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Thanks for having me.<p>SIMON: Let me begin with this. Sat, 15 Feb 2014 14:54:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 36323 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egypt's Crackdown Widens, But Insurgency Still Burns http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egypts-crackdown-widens-insurgency-still-burns Here are three numbers that tell the story of Egypt's security crackdown, its political turmoil and the simmering insurgency.<p>16,687. It's estimated that at least this many political detainees have been imprisoned since the military ousted the Islamist president, Mohammed Morsi, on July 3.<p>4,482. At least this many people have been killed in clashes since Morsi's ouster, many at the hands of security forces.<p>198. That's the number of people killed, mostly security force members, in armed attacks on the police and army between July and November 2013. Mon, 10 Feb 2014 19:48:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 36070 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egypt's Crackdown Widens, But Insurgency Still Burns The Coup Goes To Court: Ousted Pres. Morsi On Trial In Cairo http://iowapublicradio.org/post/coup-goes-court-ousted-pres-morsi-trial-cairo Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>In Cairo today, former President Mohammed Morsi appeared in court for the second time since he was ousted in a military coup last July. The Islamist leader wore a white prison uniform and stood in a glass-enclosed cage. Tue, 28 Jan 2014 22:54:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 35474 at http://iowapublicradio.org No Surprises: Egyptian Military Endorses Its Chief For President http://iowapublicradio.org/post/no-surprises-egyptian-military-endorses-its-chief-president Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Now, to Egypt where there were more indications today that the country's top military chief is preparing to run for president. The armed forces announced on state television that Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi should, in their words, heed the call of the people and run for president in an election expected to be held within the next three months.<p>NPR's Leila Fadel joins us now from Cairo. Mon, 27 Jan 2014 21:54:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 35416 at http://iowapublicradio.org Deaths, Arrests Mark 3rd Anniversary Of Egypt's Uprising http://iowapublicradio.org/post/deaths-arrests-mark-3rd-anniversary-egypts-uprising The third anniversary of Egypt's revolution was marked with violent clashes across the country between pro and anti-government demonstrators. By Sunday morning at least 49 people had been killed and more than 1,000 arrested. Mon, 27 Jan 2014 09:55:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 35382 at http://iowapublicradio.org Three Years Later, Tahrir Protesters Drained And Defeated http://iowapublicradio.org/post/three-years-later-tahrir-protesters-drained-and-defeated Three years after the start of the 2011 revolution, many of the young secular activists who led the protests are behind bars.<p>Others have gone silent, afraid to speak out as the military and the ousted Muslim Brotherhood are locked in a battle for Egypt itself.<p>For most of those revolutionaries, this is a dark and bitter time.<p>"The moment we entered Tahrir remains the most significant moment of my entire life, because I physically felt a wall being broken down, a wall of fear that they're working very hard at rebuilding," says Noor Noor, son of prominent Egyptian politician Ayman Noor an Sat, 25 Jan 2014 16:21:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 35324 at http://iowapublicradio.org Three Years Later, Tahrir Protesters Drained And Defeated The High Price Egyptians Pay For Opposing Their Rulers http://iowapublicradio.org/post/high-price-egyptians-pay-opposing-their-rulers Mohamed Yousef is a tall, handsome practitioner of kung fu. In fact, he's an Egyptian champion who recently won an international competition.<p>But a month ago, when he collected his gold medal at the championship in Russia, he posed for a picture after putting on a yellow T-shirt with a hand holding up four fingers.<p>That's the symbol of Rabaa al-Adawiya, the Cairo square where Egyptian security forces opened fire in August on supporters of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. Tue, 03 Dec 2013 19:28:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 32987 at http://iowapublicradio.org The High Price Egyptians Pay For Opposing Their Rulers Egyptians Hit Streets, Defying Protest Ban http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egyptians-hit-streets-defying-protest-ban Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>A new political storm is brewing in Egypt. It's over a law that bans unauthorized protest. Egyptian officials are taking to the airwaves to defend the law, in the face of fierce opposition from secular political activists. NPR's Leila Fadel reports from Cairo.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: A few hundred people rallied in downtown Cairo today, chanting - let's start the revolution again. Wed, 27 Nov 2013 21:24:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 32756 at http://iowapublicradio.org Back To The Future: Calls Grow For A Military Ruler In Egypt http://iowapublicradio.org/post/back-future-calls-grow-military-ruler-egypt For nearly three years Egyptians have battled for a different, and better, future. But the transition has been tumultuous, filled with pitfalls, death and disappointment.<p>Today, many are ready to settle for a return to the pre-revolution status quo: a strong, military man who can guide Egypt back to stability.<p>At the Kakao lounge in central Cairo, teenage girls sample chocolates that bear the face of Egyptian military chief Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi. Mon, 18 Nov 2013 22:24:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 32314 at http://iowapublicradio.org Back To The Future: Calls Grow For A Military Ruler In Egypt Tripoli Zoo Sees Different Kind Of Cage — One With Migrants http://iowapublicradio.org/post/tripoli-zoo-sees-different-kind-cage-one-migrants Gun-toting militiamen man the steel gate that leads into the Tripoli zoo. A sign promises a garden of animals. Inside, there are paths that meander through a maze of cages and animal habitats. Monkeys climb trees; hippos submerge themselves in water and lions lounge in the heat.<p>Just a few hundred yards away, there's a different kind of cage: Inside there are people — migrants waiting to be deported or to prove they are in Libya legally.<p>Sayed Ghazallah has his men unlock the padlock on the steel bars. Tue, 12 Nov 2013 08:07:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 31966 at http://iowapublicradio.org Tripoli Zoo Sees Different Kind Of Cage — One With Migrants In Libya, The Militias Rule While Government Founders http://iowapublicradio.org/post/libya-militias-rule-while-government-founders Zintan, a mountain town in northwestern Libya, is a place of gray and brown buildings, with little infrastructure, about 50,000 people and no central government control.<p>The Libyan government doesn't provide basic services, not even water. People use wells to provide for themselves. Thu, 07 Nov 2013 17:10:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 31771 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Libya, The Militias Rule While Government Founders Unrest Erupts In Egypt After Attack On Christian Wedding http://iowapublicradio.org/post/unrest-erupts-egypt-after-attack-christian-wedding Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Sunday was supposed to be a day of joy in Egypt at the Church of the Virgin Mary in suburban Cairo. There were four weddings scheduled. But after a drive-by shooting ripped through the celebrations, there were four burials today instead. At least 18 other people were wounded in the attack. It was the latest act of violence in a country experiencing divisions and great crisis. From Cairo, NPR's Leila Fadel sent this report.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: At the entrance of the church, a line of police stands guard. Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:59:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 30906 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egypt's Crackdown On Islamists Spreads To Mosques, Charities http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egypts-crackdown-islamists-spreads-mosques-charities Mohammed is a teacher, and for the past 17 years, he has also worked with an Islamic charity in Cairo. But a little more than two weeks ago that charity was shut down.<p>Security forces raided its office, took everything and began searching for the head of the board of directors because he's connected to the Muslim Brotherhood — the Islamist group of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.<p>Mohammed, who asked that only his first name be used, fled.<p>He left his job and his home, worried he'd be arrested. Fri, 18 Oct 2013 16:58:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 30780 at http://iowapublicradio.org Egypt's Crackdown On Islamists Spreads To Mosques, Charities Bound By Blood, Divided By Politics: Three Egyptian Sisters http://iowapublicradio.org/post/bound-blood-divided-politics-three-egyptian-sisters Nagwa, Dina and May are sisters. All three are married, all three have children. All three had always been close — until now.<p>Egypt's political crisis is changing those relationships. Nagwa and May sympathize with the Muslim Brotherhood. Dina, on the other hand, supports the military, arguing that the generals are just keeping extremists at bay.<p>It is a division that is echoed in almost every Egyptian household. Wed, 09 Oct 2013 07:00:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 30304 at http://iowapublicradio.org Bound By Blood, Divided By Politics: Three Egyptian Sisters Journalists In Egypt Face 'Unprecedented Pressures' http://iowapublicradio.org/post/areas-freedom-speech-disappear-egypt Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning. I'm David Greene. In Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood has been banned and a court ordered the government to seize the assets of the Islamist group. These moves followed a major crackdown on Brotherhood supporters, with thousands arrested across the country. But the Brotherhood is not the only target. Journalists are also facing unprecedented pressures. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 07:56:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 29733 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt's Political Turmoil, Middle Ground Is The Loneliest http://iowapublicradio.org/post/egypts-political-turmoil-middle-ground-loneliest Egypt is quieter these days. Protests against the ouster of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi have subsided for now. And the military-appointed interim government is firmly in charge.<p>Yet, Egypt remains deeply polarized. And the middle is a lonely place to be.<p>Some of the young revolutionaries who led the 2011 uprising against the regime of Hosni Mubarak feel they are back to square one, battling authoritarian forces on both sides.<p>At 9:00 on a recent evening, Aalam Wassef stands on his balcony and bangs a spoon against a pot. Thu, 29 Aug 2013 16:02:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 28266 at http://iowapublicradio.org In Egypt's Political Turmoil, Middle Ground Is The Loneliest Mubarak's Release From Prison Cuts Across Egypt's Divisions http://iowapublicradio.org/post/mubaraks-release-prison-cuts-across-egypts-divisions In Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood are trying to get supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi back into the streets.<p>But the military appears to be consolidating its power.<p>There were signs of Egypt's shifting fortunes on Thursday when former President Hosni Mubarak was flown from jail to house arrest in a hospital. A few dozen people celebrated outside the prison as Mubarak, 85, was ferried away by helicopter.<p>By order of Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi, Mubarak will be held under house arrest at a hospital in suburban Cairo. Fri, 23 Aug 2013 09:06:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 27931 at http://iowapublicradio.org Mubarak's Release From Prison Cuts Across Egypt's Divisions Despite Bloodshed, Many Egyptians Support Military http://iowapublicradio.org/post/despite-violence-many-egyptians-support-military Egypt witnessed the bloodiest day in its modern history this week. More than 600 people were killed, most during a security crackdown on supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.<p>And it isn't over. Dozens more have died since, some in citizen-on-citizen violence. Sat, 17 Aug 2013 11:55:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 27619 at http://iowapublicradio.org Despite Bloodshed, Many Egyptians Support Military Scene From A Cairo Mosque Turned Morgue http://iowapublicradio.org/post/scene-cairo-mosque-turned-morgue After the bloodshed, comes the grief.<p>A man weeps as he surveys row upon row of corpses. Some are completely burned. "They are all my brothers," he cries.<p>Nearby, men methodically break apart blocks of ice in two caskets inside this Cairo mosque. They then place them under the bodies to stop them from decomposing.<p>But still the sickly sweet smell of death hangs in the air.<p>Volunteers burn incense and spray air freshener to mask it, but that only adds to the stifling atmosphere.<p>Everywhere you look families cry out in sorrow. Thu, 15 Aug 2013 23:09:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 27554 at http://iowapublicradio.org Scene From A Cairo Mosque Turned Morgue Does Egypt's Crisis Signal The End Of Political Islam? http://iowapublicradio.org/post/does-egypts-crisis-signal-end-political-islam We take a look at what the Muslim Brotherhood's fall from grace means for the future of religion and politics in Egypt. Was it tested, failed and now dead? Tue, 30 Jul 2013 20:26:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 26653 at http://iowapublicradio.org With President Morsi Out, Gulf States Open Their Checkbooks http://iowapublicradio.org/post/president-morsi-out-gulf-states-open-their-checkbooks Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning, I'm David Greene.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And I'm Renee Montagne.<p>It's been mostly quiet in Egypt today. The military is still looking to arrest more leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood on charges of inciting violence. And the political struggle continues over who will run the country. Much of the public fury that provoked last week's ouster of President Mohamed Morsi was fueled by the country's poor economic conditions. Thu, 11 Jul 2013 09:39:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 23788 at http://iowapublicradio.org For Now At Least, Egypt's Police Are Seen As The Good Guys http://iowapublicradio.org/post/now-least-egypts-police-seen-good-guys Egypt has undergone profound change over the past 10 days. Tue, 09 Jul 2013 21:34:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 23696 at http://iowapublicradio.org For Now At Least, Egypt's Police Are Seen As The Good Guys