Tom Gjelten en Obama Highlights Challenges Of Balancing Security, Liberty Coverage of President Obama's speech about proposed changes for the National Security Agency continues with more of his comments, plus analysis. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 18:14:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 34991 at Senate Committee Lays Blame For Benghazi With State Department Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>The Senate Intelligence Committee today delivered its analysis of the 2012 attack on the U.S. diplomatic post in Benghazi, Libya. Four Americans were killed in that attack, including the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Chris Stevens. It's a bipartisan report. Democrats and Republicans on the committee agreed, among other things, that the attack might have been prevented if the State Department had taken better precautions at the Benghazi post.<p>For more on the report, we're joined by NPR's Tom Gjelten. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 21:56:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 34912 at Is U.S. Ready Rethink Sept. 11 Security Policies? Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning. President Obama says he will soon propose changes at the National Security Agency. Former contractor Edward Snowden's disclosure of NSA surveillance programs widespread criticism and prompted a review of the agency's operations by Congress, the courts, and the White House. Thu, 02 Jan 2014 11:04:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 34310 at Iran's Nuclear Deal Faces Big Test The nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers will face its first test this weekend. Inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency are due to make a long-delayed visit to a nuclear site in Iran where plutonium could be produced.<p>A nuclear reactor and associated production plant in Arak are a special concern because plutonium can be used in a nuclear bomb. Wed, 04 Dec 2013 09:50:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 33022 at Iran's Nuclear Deal Faces Big Test Profit, Not Just Principle, Has Tech Firms Concerned With NSA Along with the privacy advocates and the national security establishment, there is another set of players with strong views on NSA surveillance programs: U.S. tech companies.<p>Google and five other companies weighed in on the surveillance debate last month, sending a letter to members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, supporting legislation to reform National Security Agency surveillance programs.<p>Their intervention was in part prompted by the news that the NSA had apparently managed to penetrate some of their data centers in Europe. Wed, 20 Nov 2013 08:23:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32380 at Profit, Not Just Principle, Has Tech Firms Concerned With NSA Technology Outpacing Policymakers, Needs Of NSA The controversy over the National Security Agency's surveillance programs has exposed a problem in the oversight of those programs: The development of the relevant technology has outpaced the laws and policies that govern its use.<p>"The technology is moving very fast," says Joel Brenner, a former NSA general counsel. "Legislation moves very slowly. Policy moves pretty slowly. The people who write policy don't always understand technology, and the people who write legislation almost never understand technology. Tue, 19 Nov 2013 07:54:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32328 at Technology Outpacing Policymakers, Needs Of NSA U.S. Tech Firms May Be Feeling Bite From NSA Spying Reports Recent disclosures about NSA surveillance have affected U.S. relations with allies and tainted America's image around the world. Now the fallout seems to be creeping into the U.S. Fri, 15 Nov 2013 21:25:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32207 at Intelligence Officials Aim To Pre-Empt More Surveillance Leaks NSA officials are bracing for more surveillance disclosures from the documents taken by former contractor Edward Snowden — and they want to get out in front of the story.<p>In a recent speech, NSA Director Keith Alexander said Snowden may have taken as many as 200,000 NSA documents with him when he left his post in Hawaii. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 22:45:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32086 at Intelligence Officials Aim To Pre-Empt More Surveillance Leaks Who Gets The Blame For NSA Spying? NSA Says Not Us Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Over at the NSA, officials say they welcome the president's policy review on surveillance. But they and other intelligence leaders bristle at the idea that they've overstepped their bounds in gathering information, both here and abroad. For months, the NSA has been on the defensive as a result of the Snowden disclosures.<p>NPR's Tom Gjelten says the agency is now trying to get out in front of the story.<p>TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: It was bad enough when the NSA was getting heat over its surveillance programs from civil libertarians and members of Congress. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 21:37:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32081 at You Have Questions About The NSA; We Have Answers Four months have passed since former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden began spilling secrets about the NSA's surveillance programs, but many Americans still don't know what to think about the disclosures.<p>For good reason. The surveillance programs are highly technical, involving the bulk interception of huge volumes of communication data as they traverse multiple links and networks. Sun, 20 Oct 2013 10:12:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 30839 at You Have Questions About The NSA; We Have Answers Are We Moving To A World With More Online Surveillance? Many governments around the world have expressed outrage over the National Security Agency's use of the Internet as a spying platform. But the possible response may have an unforeseen consequence: It may actually lead to more online surveillance, according to Internet experts.<p>Some governments, led most recently by Brazil, have reacted to recent disclosures about NSA surveillance by proposing a redesign of Internet architecture. Wed, 16 Oct 2013 07:20:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 30637 at Are We Moving To A World With More Online Surveillance? Al-Shabab Shifts Focus From Territory To Terrorism Al-Shabab has been around for years as a militia group fighting for territory in Somalia.<p>When al-Shabab militants, dressed in casual clothes, turned up in a ritzy shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, last weekend and gunned down men, women and children, the group shifted from an insurgent movement to a terrorist organization.<p>"A week ago, al-Shabab wasn't in the news," says Bruce Hoffman, a a terrorism expert at Georgetown University and the Rand Corporation. "Arguably, outside of Somalia, no one really cared about them."<p>Yet the group has dominated the headlines this week. Sat, 28 Sep 2013 11:47:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29786 at The Effects Of The Snowden Leaks Aren't What He Intended An official assessment of the damage caused by news leaks about government surveillance programs suggests that terrorist groups are changing their communication methods in response to the disclosures, according to officials at the National Security Agency.<p>Shortly after former NSA contractor Edward Snowden leaked top-secret documents concerning the agency's foreign surveillance operations, Keith Alexander, director of the NSA, said the disclosures had caused "irreversible and significant damage." He ordered a thorough investigation into how the leaks occurred and what effect they would have Fri, 20 Sep 2013 21:24:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29425 at The Effects Of The Snowden Leaks Aren't What He Intended Officials: Edward Snowden's Leaks Were Masked By Job Duties More than three months after Edward Snowden revealed details of NSA secret surveillance activities, intelligence officials are still assessing the fallout from the former contractor's disclosures. Wed, 18 Sep 2013 07:19:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29252 at Officials: Edward Snowden's Leaks Were Masked By Job Duties FISA Court: NSA Surveillance Program Was Unconstitutional Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning.<p>A previously top-secret exchange between the National Security Agency and the court that oversees its surveillance activities is now public. The NSA yesterday declassified a 2011 ruling in which the court said that one aspect of the NSA's surveillance program was both illegal and unconstitutional. Thu, 22 Aug 2013 08:53:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 27864 at The Next Disaster Scenario Power Companies Are Preparing For In the 10 years since sagging power lines in Ohio sparked a blackout across much of the Northeastern United States and Canada, utility engineers say they have implemented measures to prevent another such event in the country's electric grid.<p>But there is one disaster scenario for which the power companies are still unprepared: a massive attack on the computer networks that underlie the U.S. Thu, 15 Aug 2013 06:57:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 27494 at The Next Disaster Scenario Power Companies Are Preparing For Which Citizens Are Under More Surveillance, U.S. Or European? The disclosure of of previously secret NSA surveillance programs has been met by outrage in Europe. The European Parliament even threatened to delay trade talks with the United States.<p>Yet U.S. officials have dismissed much of the complaining as hypocrisy. Before the <a href="">House rejected legislation</a> that would have limited the data the NSA can collect last week, U.S. Sun, 28 Jul 2013 09:43:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 26516 at Which Citizens Are Under More Surveillance, U.S. Or European? NSA Leaks Focus New Attention On Government Contractors Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>Edward Snowden, the man who leaked top-secret NSA documents, predicted a month ago that the U.S. government would accuse him of committing grave crimes. That comment came in a video released today by The Guardian newspaper. Mon, 08 Jul 2013 20:15:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23627 at Defense Officials Indicate NSA Leaks Have Had Consequences Washington is still trying to determine how much damage has been done as a result of Edward Snowden's revelations about NSA surveillance. Snowden allegedly encrypted the files he took with him, but some officials fear Chinese or Russian intelligence services gained access to Snowden's computers. Fri, 28 Jun 2013 08:33:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23156 at NSA Leak Could Be Bad Business For U.S. Tech Companies The disclosure of previously secret National Security Agency surveillance programs has left many Americans worried that the privacy of their personal data and communications is in jeopardy.<p>In an apparent effort to alleviate those concerns, a senior administration official said President Obama's <a href="">Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board</a> is reviewing U.S. Fri, 21 Jun 2013 21:20:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 22847 at The Case For Surveillance: Keeping Up With Terrorist Tactics Since public revelations that the National Security Agency is collecting telephone records and reviewing Internet communications in the U.S. and abroad, officials have been making the case that the programs are vital. They argue that the tactics match the new ways terrorists are planning and communicating.<p>There was a time when America's enemies conspired face-to-face, or communicated through couriers, or by leaving messages for each other somewhere. Sat, 15 Jun 2013 09:25:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 22485 at The Case For Surveillance: Keeping Up With Terrorist Tactics Cyberspying Expected To Be Discussed At U.S.-China Summit Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>Today, President Obama will be turning his attention to China. He's meeting China's new President, Xi Jinping, here in Southern California. There's plenty on the agenda: trade, currency, North Korea. This year, though, a new topic may dominate: China's habit of breaking into U.S. computer networks to steal trade and military secrets.<p>NPR's Tom Gjelten reports.<p>TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: U.S. officials used to say only that some countries engage in cyber espionage. Everyone knew they usually meant China. They just wouldn't say so. Fri, 07 Jun 2013 18:34:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 22088 at Obama Keeps Distance From Torture Debate, At Least For Now In his <a href="">national security speech</a> Thursday, President Obama discussed drone warfare and the Guantanamo detention camp. But a third controversial issue went largely unmentioned: the use of interrogation methods that are tantamount to torture.<p>Obama banned those interrogation techniques on his second day in office. But he has largely avoided the debate over whether torture in some cases has produced valuable information. Sat, 25 May 2013 09:55:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 21359 at Obama Keeps Distance From Torture Debate, At Least For Now Sports: Playoff Time In The NBA Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon and any time I get a little low I think, hmm, time for sports.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF THEME MUSIC)<p>SIMON: Intense Heat can't slow the Pacers. How do you like that new cliche? We're deep into the NBA playoffs. Also last night, the WNBA season began. NPR's Tom Goldman joins us. Hi there, Tom.<p>TOM GOLDMAN, BYLINE: Good morning, Scott.<p>SIMON: Don't the Indiana Pacers know they're supposed to be losing? They won last night.<p>GOLDMAN: Just the opposite. Sat, 25 May 2013 09:55:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 21364 at U.S. Turns Up Heat On Costly Commercial Cybertheft In China American companies that do business with China make good money. They also lose a lot of money there to cyberthieves, who routinely hack into the computers of the U.S. firms and steal their trade and technology secrets.<p>China's theft of U.S. intellectual property has gotten serious enough in recent months to warrant President Obama's attention and prompt a series of visits to Beijing by senior members of Obama's Cabinet. Tue, 07 May 2013 07:03:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 20345 at U.S. Turns Up Heat On Costly Commercial Cybertheft In China Clues Suggest Boston Suspects Took A Do-It-Yourself Approach As investigators look into the Boston Marathon bombings, one crucial question is whether the suspects, brothers Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, acted alone or had help. The clues might be found in the bombs used.<p>From what is now known, it appears the brothers assembled a whole arsenal of explosives. Watertown Police Chief Edward Deveau told CNN last weekend that the suspects had at least six bombs, including the two used in the attack and one thrown at police during a shootout.<p>There were three bombs that weren't detonated, including one found at the Tsarnaevs' apartment in Cambridge. Tue, 23 Apr 2013 21:09:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 19668 at Clues Suggest Boston Suspects Took A Do-It-Yourself Approach Two Young Men Suspected In Boston Bombing Attack Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. A dramatic development today in Boston: The FBI announced that it is looking for two men they suspect of placing the bombs that killed three people at the Boston Marathon and injured more than 170. The FBI released both video and photos of the men at the site of the bombings. Here's Special Agent Richard DesLauriers.<p>RICHARD DESLAURIERS: We know the public will play a critical role in identifying and locating these individuals. Thu, 18 Apr 2013 23:18:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 19442 at Venezuela's Next Leader Faces Tough Choice On Oil Program As Venezuela's president, Hugo Chavez thought in grandiose terms, and his country's vast oil riches enabled him to act on his vision. But Chavez died before he had to deal with the flaws in his model, and some hard choices await his successor.<p>Key to Chavez's notion of "21st Century Socialism" was the redistribution of Venezuela's oil earnings. Thu, 11 Apr 2013 07:23:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 19039 at Venezuela's Next Leader Faces Tough Choice On Oil Program U.S. Parries N. Korean Threats With A Fresh Plan You might think alarm bells would be sounding in Washington, given the <a href="">warnings</a> coming out of North Korea. But when they talk about North Korea, U.S. officials are sounding like exasperated parents responding to a child's tantrum.<p>At the White House on Friday, spokesman Jay Carney said the United States "would not be surprised" if North Korea actually carries out a missile test.<p>"We have seen them launch missiles in the past, and the U.N. Sat, 06 Apr 2013 09:13:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 18813 at U.S. Parries N. Korean Threats With A Fresh Plan Is All The Talk About Cyberwarfare Just Hype? U.S. government pronouncements about the danger of a major cyberattack can be confusing. The director of national intelligence, James Clapper, and the head of the U.S. military's Cyber Command, Army Gen. Fri, 15 Mar 2013 09:12:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 17715 at Is All The Talk About Cyberwarfare Just Hype?